Thoracic Injuries

-Thoracic Disc Herniation

Thoracic disc herniations are mainly caused by wear and tear in the disc, known as degeneration. As a disc’s annulus ages, it tends to crack and tear. These injuries are repaired with scar tissue. Over time the annulus weakens, and the nucleus may squeeze through the damaged annulus. Degeneration then occurs from daily activity, such as bending and twisting. Thoracic disc may herniate due to an acute injury, during a car accident or a fall. A thoracic disc may also herniate as a result of a sudden and forceful twist of the mid-back.

Thoracic Disc Herniation


  • Pain in the back
  • Pain radiating to the front
  • Muscle weakness
  • Muscle numbness
  • Changes in bladder or bowel function
  • Paralysis waist down
  • Tingling in one or both legs
  • Spastic reflexes in one or both legs


-Thoracic Muscle Strains

Thoracic muscle strains are usually caused by overuse, poor posture or trauma.


  • Inflamed muscles
  • Soreness
  • Achy pain
  • Lack of range of motion


-Thoracic Spine Arthritis

The degenerative arthritis in the thoracic spine is called spondylosis. It involves disc degeneration and bone spur formation.


  • Achy between shoulder blades
  • Stiffness
  • Pain
  • Lack of range of motion



Osteoporosis consists of reduced bone density and reduced mineralization in the thoracic spine, which leads to vertebral compression fracture.



  • Sudden sharp pain
  • Shooting nerve pain
  • Poor posture
  • Chronic pain
  • Loss of mobility



Scoliosis is an unnatural curve to the spine.



  • Pain caused by movement
  • Pain caused by breathing


-Thoracic Fracture

Thoracic spine fractures are usually caused by intense traumas like crashes, falls, sporting accidents or violent injuries. However, some fractures can be caused by osteoporosis, tumors or any condition that weakens the bones.


  • Severe back pain
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Weakness
  • Bladder or bowel dysfunction